Weekly outline

  • Aboriginal Studies 10

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    Welcome to Aboriginal Studies 10 

    The focal point of Aboriginal Studies 10-20-30 is the wealth and diverse nature of Aboriginal languages and cultures. Aboriginal Studies 10 course reflects the perspectives and worldviews of Aboriginal peoples. It includes the study of traditions and history of Aboriginal peoples in Canada, and particularly in Alberta.

    The four themes for the course are:

    1. Origin and Settlement Patterns

    2. Aboriginal Worldviews

    3. Political and Economic Organization

    4. Aboriginal Symbolism and Expression

    *Note: There is no pre-requisite for this 5 credit course.

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  • Course Information

    This section will outline:

                • the course 
                • expectations 
                • how-to's 

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    cautionImportant Note: 

    • Because of the nature of this course and because much of your work will be research based, it is critical that you remember to cite your resources properly. 
    • Make sure that you attribute thoughts and ideas that are not your own to their original owners. 
    • Images and videos usually have 'Copyright' attached and will need to be cited, and in many cases, permission to use them must be granted. Be sure to read the copyright rules of the source and adhered to the rules. 
    • All images and resources in this course have been purchased, cited, taken from resources that allow for public use and/or permission has been obtained to use the resource for educational purposes.
  • Origin and Settlement Patterns (Theme 1)


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    Aboriginal Studies 10 is a foundational course that provides a background understanding for Aboriginal Studies 20 and 30. 
    The goal of this course is to encourage students to make connections between the past, the present, and the future. By reviewing and exploring the perspectives, histories, and experiences of Aboriginal peoples in the past, students gain a greater understanding of Aboriginal people in contemporary society. 
    General Outcome: Students will demonstrate an understanding of the diverse cultural characteristics, origins, and migration and settlement patterns of Aboriginal peoples.

    Aboriginal Studies 10 (Senior High) (2002) ©Alberta Learning, Alberta, Canada


    Related Concepts

    perspective, theory, origin, migration, oral tradition, legends, stories, linguistic groups, cultural groups, traditional territories, cultural diversity, cultural environment, circular seasonal time frames, Métis, Métis settlements, mutual support, mainstream society, colonial governance.


  • Worldviews (Theme 2)

    General Outcome: Students will demonstrate an understanding of aspects of Aboriginal spirituality and worldviews.

    Aboriginal Studies 10 (Senior High) (2002) ©Alberta Learning, Alberta, Canada


    Related Concepts: values, spirituality, worldviews, harmony, unity, oral tradition, cycle of life, ceremonies, religions, animate, inanimate.

    Definition: Worldview

    1. The overall perspective from which one sees and interprets the world. 
    2. collection of beliefs about life and the universe held by an individual, group or society. Every person, group and society has a worldview. 
    3. Worldviews evolve as people and societies interact and evolve.

    The First Nations World View

    People from different cultures have different ways of seeing, explaining and living within the world.  They have different ideas about what things are most important, which behaviors are desirable or unacceptable, and how all parts of the world relate to each other.  Together, these opinions and beliefs form a worldview, the perspective from which people perceive, understand and respond to the world around them.

    People from the same culture tend to have similar worldviews.  A culture’s worldview evolves from its history, which is the collective experience of the people within the culture over all the years of its existence.  It also includes their beliefs about origin and spiritualism. 

    The traditional worldview of First Nations and Inuit peoples in Canada differs from the worldviews of people with a non-Aboriginal ancestry.  You might compare a First Nations or Inuit worldview to a Euro-Canadian worldview by drawing a circle and a line. The circular First Nations worldview focuses on connections between all things, including the visible physical world and the invisible spiritual world.  It sees time as always a cycle of renewal that links past and present and future.  In contrast, a linear Euro-Canadian worldview lays out separations between elements of existence (spiritual and material, life and death, animal and human, living and non-living) and sees time as a progression from point to point.(Aboriginal Perspectives 2004, 66-67)

    *It is important to remember that this section provides a 'snapshot' of the concept of worldview.

    **Caution: In your research on worldviews, it will be imperative that you understand that worldviews are not absolutes. You will read about 'Western' vs 'Aboriginal' worldviews and authors will speak as if Aboriginal People perceive and relate to the world in one specific way and that the Western Worldview perceives and relates to the world in another specific way. This is a very broad generalization and one that would make an interesting debate! There are as many different worldviews as there are people and cultures.

  • Political & Economic Organization (Theme 3)

    General Outcome: Students will demonstrate an understanding of the political and economic organization of Aboriginal Peoples.

    Aboriginal Studies 10 (Senior High) (2002) ©Alberta Learning, Alberta, Canada


    Related Concepts: adaptation, interdependence, economy, economic partnership, entrepreneurship, community initiatives, alliances.

  • Symbolism & Expression (Theme 4)

    General Outcome: Students will demonstrate an understanding of Aboriginal Art Forms, oral tradition, and literature.  

    Aboriginal Studies 10 (Senior High) (2002) ©Alberta Learning, Alberta, Canada


    Related Concepts: cultural transmission, values, beliefs, symbolism, analogy, diversity, cultural expression, holistic, integration, interpersonal relationships.

    Our Past, Present and Future - An Endnote

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