Week 22 - Heat and Temperature Unit Test
Heat and Temperature Study GuideReview: An Overview of the Module
This module has a few key concepts which should stand out once you have completed all the lessons and activities.
Final Exercise: OPTIONAL
1. Pull out your textbook for this activity. Now, I want you to go through the entire Heat and Temperature module in the textbook and write down all the bold or highlighted words in the paragraphs. This will really help you on the final module test.
2. Now that you have a list of all the key terms, copy out the definitions for those terms that you could not describe on your own. This is a great study resource.
You can use the glossary at the back of the textbook to learn the meaning of the word. You must show that you understand the definition by using the term in a sentence of your own words.
Below is a list of the topics covered by the questions that may appear on your exam. The entire test bank is made up of approximately 165 questions the computer will randomly choose 50 questions for each exam attempt you make.
Your exam consists of 50 multiple choice questions. Use the text, your notes, and information from the activities in to study for this exam.
Topics on the Heat and Temperature Exam:
- define temperature
- choose situations where accurate measuring of temperatures is critical
- how do bridges expand and contract due to temperature changes?
- how are power lines effected by temperature changes?
- what are some common temperatures such as normal room temperature, the freezing and boiling points of water, human body temperature, hot coffee, inside a fridge, inside a freezer, what you bake a cake at, etc.
- does water expand or contract when it freezes?
- explain heat and temperature using particle theory
- what is a bimetallic strip and how does it work?
- what are the steps in the inquiry process?
- define hypothesis
- define convection, conduction, radiation
- for best convection, where should heating vents be placed in a house?
- identify foods cooked by either convection or conduction
- pick appliances and give scenarios where , convection and radiation are being used
- which materials radiate heat the best?
- know the difference between absorption and reflection
- list materials that conduct heat well
- define insulation
- describe principles used in insulating devices/materials
- identify items that use insulators
- what materials work best in greenhouse construction?
- design devices using what you know about insulation and the types of heat
- why must dead air space be kept small in order to function as a good insulator?
- know the principles of heat transfer and how evaporation affects it?
- describe the difference between the particles in solids, liquids, and gases
- what happens to a substance's molecules when cooled or when heated in the different states of matter?
- what causes solids, liquids, and gases to expand?
- know the effect that heat has on materials in terms of contraction and expansion
- describe the movement of heat
- what is a thermal? HINT: think hang glider
- what do joules measure?
- covert joules (J) into kilojoules (kJ)
- how does an air thermometer work and how could you check its accuracy?
- what properties should flat and curved solar collectors have?
- define heat
- how do both liquid and air thermometers work?
- why do thermometers have narrow bores?
- why isn't water used in lab thermometers?
- define calibrate and explain how to do it
- choose the most appropriate graph to represent a situation
- what does a Joule measure?
- what are the steps to conducting an experimental investigation?
- define controlled, responding and manipulated variables
- what are the differences between mechanical, chemical, solar, electrical, and geo energy?
- list examples of a renewable energy an non-renewable energy sources
- rate energy sources in terms of the environmental damage they may cause
- rate objects in terms of their thermal conductivity
- give a disadvantage of geo energy
- what is the difference between black and white clothing in terms of keeping a person cool?
- know some facts about the Celsius scale ie. (who invented it, what principles is it based on?
- rate wood, coal, and gasoline in terms of heat energy content
- burning does what to the energy contained in wood?
- know the difference between passive and active solar heating
- how is water used in an active solar home?
- which direction gets the most sunlight?
- when examining a house, one in the southern hemisphere and one in the northern hemisphere, which side of the house would receive the greatest amount of sunlight in each location?
- list advantages and disadvantages of geothermal energy