Political & Economic Organizations - Additional Reading

Business and Politics

B. Land Claims

Many Aboriginal communities believe that the federal government has failed to provide them with the land that they are rightfully entitled to.  In these cases, they have launched land claims that demand title to territories legitimately belonging to Aboriginal groups based on historical use and occupancy.

A comprehensive claim is essentially a modern-day treaty.  These come about when a group of aboriginal peoples has been deprived of its traditional territory without ever having signed a treaty. For example, until recently, most First Nations in BC had never signed treaties, and the province did not recognize First Nations title to land.  Now the federal and provincial governments are negotiating land claims together with these nations.

A specific claim deals with issues rising from treaties.  They only affect First Nations, because only First Nations signed treaties. If a First Nation feels that it hasn't received the land it is entitled to according to signed treaties, it files a specific claim.